The 292 Best Books of the 19th Century



The 19th century (1 January 1801–31 December 1900) was thecentury marked by the collapse of the Spanish, Napoleonic, Holy Roman and Mughal empires.




Eugène Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, 1830

This paved the way for the growing influence of the British Empire, the Russian Empire, the United States, the German Empire, the French colonial empire and Meiji Japan, with the British boasting unchallenged dominance after 1815. After the defeat of the French Empireand its allies in the Napoleonic Wars, the British and Russian empires expanded greatly, becoming the world’s leading powers. The Russian Empire expanded in central and far eastern Asia. The British Empire grew rapidly in the first half of the century, especially with the expansion of vast territories in Canada, Australia, South Africa and heavily populated India, and in the last two decades of the century in Africa. By the end of the century, the British Empire controlled a fifth of the world’s land and one quarter of the world’s population. During the post-Napoleonic era, it enforced what became known as the Pax Britannica, which had ushered in unprecedented globalisation, industrialisation, and economic integration on a massive scale.

1. Pride and Prejudice (1813) by Jane Austen (8.8)


2. Anna Karenina (1877) by Leo Tolstoy (8.6)


3. Crime and Punishment (1866) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (8.5)


4. Les Miserables (1862) by Victor Hugo (8.5)


5. War and Peace (1869) by Leo Tolstoy (8.4)


6. The Brothers Karamazov (1880) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (8.3)


7. Wuthering Heights (1847) by Emily Bronte (8.3)


8. Great Expectations (1861) by Charles Dickens (8.2)


9. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865) by Lewis Carroll (8.2)


10. Heart of Darkness (1899) by Joseph Conrad (8.2)


11. The Count of Monte Cristo (1845) by Alexandre Dumas (8.2)


12. Jane Eyre (1847) by Charlotte Bronte (8.2)


13. The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) by Oscar Wilde (8.1)


14. Middlemarch (1874) by George Eliot (8.1)


15. The Idiot (1869) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (8.1)


16. Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker (8.1)


17. Fairy Tales (1812) by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm (8)


18. Persuasion (1818) by Jane Austen (8)

19. The War of the Worlds (1898) by H.G. Wells (8)


20. Three Musketeers (1844) by Alexandre Dumas (8)


21. Emma (1815) by Jane Austen (8)


22. Little Women (1868) by Louisa May Alcott (7.9)

23. Sense and Sensibility (1811) by Jane Austen (7.9)


24. Madame Bovary (1857) by Gustave Flaubert (7.9)


25. Leaves of Grass (1855) by Walt Whitman (7.9)

26. A Tale of Two Cities (1859) by Charles Dickens (7.9)


27. Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley (7.9)

28. Oliver Twist (1837) by Charles Dickens (7.8)

29. Black Beauty (1877) by Anna Sewell (7.8)

30. Treasure Island (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson (7.8)


31. Dead Souls (1842) by Nikolai Gogol (7.8)

32. Moby-Dick (1851) by Herman Melville (7.8)


33. A Christmas Carol (1843) by Charles Dickens (7.8)


34. Bleak House (1853) by Charles Dickens (7.7)

35. Tess of the d’Urbervilles (1891) by Thomas Hardy (7.7)

36. Faust (1808) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (7.7)


37. Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) by Robert Louis Stevenson (7.7)


38. The Red and the Black (1830) by Stendhal (7.7)

39. Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe (7.7)

40. Mansfield Park (1814) by Jane Austen (7.7)



Leo Tolstoy, 1897 — Ralph Waldo Emerson — Fyodor Dostoyevsky, 1879

41. Time Machine (1895) by H.G. Wells (7.6)


42. The Woman in White (1860) by Wilkie Collins (7.6)

43. Around the World in Eighty Days (1873) by Jules Verne (7.6)


44. David Copperfield (1850) by Charles Dickens (7.6)


45. Far from the Madding Crowd (1874) by Thomas Hardy (7.6)

46. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) by Mark Twain (7.6)


47. Vanity Fair (1848) by William Makepeace Thackeray (7.6)

48. North and South (1855) by Elizabeth Gaskell (7.6)

49. Northanger Abbey (1817) by Jane Austen (7.6)

50. Three Men in a Boat (1889) by Jerome K. Jerome (7.5)

51. Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864) by Jules Verne (7.5)


52. Swiss Family Robinson (1812) by Johann Wyss (7.5)

53. Ivanhoe (1820) by Sir Walter Scott (7.5)

54. Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831) by Victor Hugo (7.5)


55. Jungle Book (1894) by Rudyard Kipling (7.4)

56. Scarlet Letter (1850) by Nathaniel Hawthorne (7.4)

57. Jude the Obscure (1895) by Thomas Hardy (7.4)

58. Thus Spake Zarathustra (1885) by Friedrich Nietzsche (7.4)

59. Little Dorrit (1857) by Charles Dickens (7.4)


60. Moonstone (1868) by Wilkie Collins (7.4)

61. The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886) by Thomas Hardy (7.4)

62. Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) by Mark Twain (7.4)

63. Sister Carrie (1900) by Theodore Dreiser (7.4)

64. Lorna Doone (1869) by R.D. Blackmore (7.4)

65. Portrait of a Lady (1881) by Henry James (7.4)

66. Hunger (1890) by Knut Hamsun (7.4)


67. Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870) by Jules Verne (7.3)

68. Sentimental Education (1869) by Gustave Flaubert (7.3)

69. Wizard of Oz (1900) by L. Frank Baum (7.3)


70. The Pickwick Papers (1837) by Charles Dickens (7.3)

71. Kidnapped (1886) by Robert Louis Stevenson (7.3)

72. Germinal (1885) by Emile Zola (7.3)

73. Lord Jim (1900) by Joseph Conrad (7.3)

74. Turn of the Screw (1898) by Henry James (7.2)

75. Eugene Onegin (1833) by Aleksandr Pushkin (7.2)

76. The Island of Dr Moreau (1896) by H.G. Wells (7.2)

77. Villette (1853) by Charlotte Bronte (7.2)

78. Mill on the Floss (1860) by George Eliot (7.2)

79. A Study in Scarlet (1887) by Arthur Conan Doyle (7.2)

80. Fathers and Sons (1862) by Ivan Turgenev (7.2)

81. The Death of Ivan Ilyich (1886) by Leo Tolstoy (7.2)


82. Our Mutual Friend (1865) by Charles Dickens (7.2)

83. Notes from the Underground (1864) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (7.2)


84. The Possessed (1872) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (7.2)


85. Mysterious Island (1874) by Jules Verne (7.2)

86. Walden (1854) by Henry David Thoreau (7.2)


87. Prince and the Pauper (1881) by Mark Twain (7.2)

88. Through the Looking Glass (1871) by Lewis Carroll (7.2)

89. Last of the Mohicans (1826) by James Fenimore Cooper (7.1)

90. Hard Times (1854) by Charles Dickens (7.1)

91. King Solomon’s Mines (1885) by H. Rider Haggard (7.1)


92. Beyond Good and Evil (1886) by Friedrich Nietzsche (7.1)


93. Martin Chuzzlewit (1844) by Charles Dickens (7.1)

94. Adam Bede (1859) by George Eliot (7.1)

95. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass An American Slave (1845) by Frederick Douglass (7.1)

96. The Sign of Four (1890) by Arthur Conan Doyle (7.1)

97. Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870) by Charles Dickens (7.1)

98. Invisible Man (1897) by H.G. Wells (7.1)


99. Pinocchio (1883) by Carlo Collodi (7.1)


100. Bel-Ami (1885) by Guy de Maupassant (7.1)



Abraham Lincoln — Tsar Alexander II — Otto von Bismarck

101. Nicholas Nickleby (1839) by Charles Dickens (7.1)

102. She: A History of Adventure (1887) by H. Rider Haggard (7.1)

103. Thumbelina (1835) by Hans Christian Andersen (7.1)

104. Demons (1872) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (7.1)


105. Ben-Hur (1880) by Lew Wallace (7.1)


106. Barchester Towers (1857) by Anthony Trollope (7.1)

107. The Communist Manifesto (1848) by Friedrich Engels (7)


108. Flatland (1884) by Edwin A. Abbott (7)


109. Democracy in America (1840) by Alexis de Tocqueville (7)


110. Pudd’nhead Wilson (1894) by Mark Twain (7)

111. Interpretation of Dreams (1899) by Sigmund Freud (7)

112. Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892) by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (7)


113. Erewhon (1872) by Samuel Butler (7)

114. The Yellow Wallpaper (1892) by Charlotte Perkins Gilman (7)

115. The Way We Live Now (1875) by Anthony Trollope (7)

116. The Cask of Amontillado (1846) by Edgar Allan Poe (7)

117. Daniel Deronda (1876) by George Eliot (7)

118. Tom Brown’s Schooldays (1857) by Thomas Hughes (7)

119. Mary Barton (1848) by Elizabeth Gaskell (7)

120. Quo Vadis (1895) by Henryk Sienkiewicz (7)

121. Bartleby, the Scrivener (1853) by Herman Melville (7)

122. Golden Bough (1890) by Sir James George Frazer (7)

123. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848) by Anne Bronte (7)

124. Return of the Native (1878) by Thomas Hardy (7)

125. News from Nowhere (1890) by William Morris (7)

126. Gray’s Anatomy (1858) by Henry Gray (7)

127. Cranford (1853) by Elizabeth Gaskell (7)

128. Washington Square (1880) by Henry James (7)

129. The Masque of the Red Death (1842) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.9)

130. El filibusterismo (1891) by Jose Rizal (6.9)

131. Looking Backward: 2000–1887 (1888) by Edward Bellamy (6.9)

132. On Liberty (1859) by John Stuart Mill (6.9)

133. Capital (1894) by Karl Marx (6.9)


134. House of the Seven Gables (1851) by Nathaniel Hawthorne (6.9)

135. On the Genealogy of Morality (1887) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.9)


136. Dombey and Son (1848) by Charles Dickens (6.9)

137. Oblomov (1859) by Ivan Goncharov (6.9)

138. McTeague (1899) by Frank Norris (6.9)

139. The Prisoner of Zenda (1894) by Anthony Hope (6.9)

140. Kalevala (1849) by Elias Lonnrot (6.9)

141. Robert’s Rules of Order (1876) by Gen. Henry Martyn Robert (6.9)

142. On War (1832) by Carl Von Clausewitz (6.9)


143. La Bete Humaine (1890) by Emile Zola (6.9)

144. Sybil or The Two Nations (1845) by Benjamin Disraeli (6.9)

145. Uncle Silas (1864) by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu (6.9)

146. Vril (1870) by Edward Bulwer-Lytton (6.9)

147. From the Earth to the Moon (1865) by Jules Verne (6.9)

148. The Story of Little Black Sambo (1899) by Helen Bannerman (6.9)

149. Ruth (1853) by Elizabeth Gaskell (6.9)

150. Castle Rackrent (1800) by Maria Edgeworth (6.9)

151. A Hero of Our Time (1840) by Mikhail Lermontov (6.9)

152. Venus in Furs (1870) by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch (6.9)

153. Birds of America (1838) by John James Audubon (6.9)

154. Tatya Tope (1863) by Caleb Wright (6.9)

155. Life on the Mississippi (1883) by Mark Twain (6.9)

156. Innocents Abroad (1869) by Mark Twain (6.8)

157. First Love (1860) by Ivan Turgenev (6.8)

158. Taras Bulba (1835) by Nikolai Gogol (6.8)

159. The Gay Science (1882) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.8)


160. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket (1838) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.8)

161. Barnaby Rudge (1841) by Charles Dickens (6.8)

162. Bouvard et Pcuchet (1881) by Gustave Flaubert (6.8)

163. Fear and Trembling (1843) by Soren Kierkegaard (6.8)


164. The Purloined Letter (1844) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.8)

165. Roughing It (1872) by Mark Twain (6.8)

166. New Grub Street (1891) by George Gissing (6.8)

167. Resurrection (1899) by Leo Tolstoy (6.8)

168. Typee (1846) by Herman Melville (6.8)

169. Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820) by Washington Irving (6.8)

170. The Crime of Father Amado (1875) by Jose Maria de Eca de Queiroz (6.8)

171. The Birth of Tragedy (1872) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.8)


172. Merry Adventures of Robin Hood (1883) by Howard Pyle (6.8)

173. Daisy Miller (1879) by Henry James (6.8)

174. Nightmare Abbey (1818) by Thomas Love Peacock (6.8)

175. The Last Man (1826) by Mary Shelley (6.8)

176. Charterhouse of Parma (1839) by Stendhal (6.8)

177. Black Arrow (1888) by Robert Louis Stevenson (6.8)

178. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl (1861) by Harriet Ann Jacobs (6.8)

179. The Theory of the Leisure Class (1899) by Thorstein Veblen (6.8)

180. Eugenie Grandet (1833) by Honore de Balzac (6.8)

181. The King in Yellow (1895) by Robert W. Chambers (6.8)

182. Au Bonheur des Dames (1883) by Emile Zola (6.8)

183. Carmilla (1872) by Sheridan Le Fanu (6.8)

184. In His Steps (1896) by Charles Monroe Sheldon (6.8)

185. Shirley (1849) by Charlotte Bronte (6.8)

186. Facundo (1845) by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (6.8)

187. The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871) by Charles Darwin (6.8)

188. Last Days of Pompeii (1834) by Edward Bulwer-Lytton (6.8)


189. Warden (1855) by Anthony Trollope (6.8)

190. The Red Shoes (1845) by Hans Christian Andersen (6.8)

191. The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes (1894) by Arthur Conan Doyle (6.8)

192. What Maisie Knew (1897) by Henry James (6.8)

193. Theory of Colours (1810) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (6.8)


194. Twenty Years After (1845) by Alexandre Dumas (6.8)

195. A rebours (1884) by Joris-Karl Huysmans (6.8)

196. Little Men (1871) by Louisa May Alcott (6.8)

197. American (1877) by Henry James (6.8)


198. The Coral Island (1858) by R.M. Ballantyne (6.8)

199. Ligeia (1838) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.8)


200. The Fifteen Decisive Battles of the World (1851) by Edward Shepherd Creasy (6.8)

201. Familiar Quotations (1855) by John Bartlett (6.8)

202. The Princess and the Goblin (1872) by George MacDonald (6.8)

203. Ramona (1884) by Helen Hunt Jackson (6.8)


204. The Odd Women (1893) by George Gissing (6.8)

205. Nana (1880) by Emile Zola (6.8)

206. A Dog of Flanders (1872) by Ouida (6.8)


206. Communist Manifesto (1848) by Karl Marx (6.8)


207. The Kreutzer Sonata (1889) by Leo Tolstoy (6.8)

208. Rise of Silas Lapham (1885) by William Dean Howells (6.8)

209. Noli Me Tangere (1887) by Jose Rizal (6.8)

210. French Revolution (1837) by Thomas Carlyle (6.7)


211. Chandrakanta (1888) by Devaki Nandan Khatri (6.7)

212. The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.7)


213. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) by Charles Darwin (6.7)

214. Sketch Book (1820) by Washington Irving (6.7)

215. Alhambra (1851) by Washington Irving (6.7)

216. With Fire and Sword (1884) by Henryk Sienkiewicz (6.7)

217. Lady Audley’s Secret (1862) by Mary E Braddon (6.7)

218. The Antichrist (1895) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.7)


219. English As She Is Spoke (1883) by Pedro Carolino (6.7)

220. Under the Greenwood Tree (1872) by Thomas Hardy (6.7)

221. Don Juan Tenorio (1844) by Jose Zorrilla (6.7)

222. The Ordeal of Richard Feverek (1859) by George Meredith (6.7)

223. Ragged Dick (1868) by Horatio Alger (6.7)

224. Two Years Before the Mast (1840) by Richard Henry Dana (6.7)

225. The Last Chronicle of Barset (1867) by Anthony Trollope (6.7)

226. The Gambler (1867) by Fyodor Dostoyevsky (6.7)

227. The Black Tulip (1850) by Alexandre Dumas (6.7)

228. Berenice (1835) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.7)

229. Lady Susan (1871) by Jane Austen (6.7)

230. The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today (1873) by Charles Dudley Warner (6.7)

231. What Katy Did (1872) by Susan Coolidge (6.7)

232. Waverley (1814) by Walter Scott (6.7)

233. The Sickness Unto Death (1849) by Soren Kierkegaard (6.7)


234. Old Curiosity Shop (1840) by Charles Dickens (6.7)

235. A Descent into the Maelstrom (1841) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.7)

236. Ugly Duckling (1843) by Hans Christian Andersen (6.7)


237. The Great God Pan (1894) by Arthur Machen (6.7)

238. Ecce Homo (1888) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.7)

239. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1878) by Multiple (6.7)

240. Carmen (1845) by Prosper Merimee (6.7)

241. Mrs Beeton’s Book of Household Management (1861) by Isabella Beeton (6.7)

242. The Deerslayer (1841) by James Fenimore Cooper (6.7)

243. Might is Right (1890) by Ragnar Redbeard (6.7)

244. The Blithedale Romance (1852) by Nathaniel Hawthorne (6.7)

245. Claudine a l’ecole (1900) by Sidonie-Gabrielle Colette (6.7)

246. The Forbidden Love (1899) by Halit Ziya Usakligil (6.7)

247. The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar (1845) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.7)

248. The Mystery of Marie Roget (1842) by Edgar Allan Poe (6.7)

249. Principles of Economics (1871) by Carl Menger (6.7)

250. Moonfleet (1898) by J. Meade Falkner (6.7)

251. The Great Controversy (1858) by Ellen White (6.7)


252. Twilight of the Idols (1889) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.7)

253. In Search of the Castaways (1868) by Jules Verne (6.7)

254. Rob Roy (1817) by Walter Scott (6.7)

255. Jo’s Boys (1886) by Louisa May Alcott (6.7)

256. The Charterhouse of Parma (1839) by Stendhal (6.7)

257. The Pioneers (1823) by James Fenimore Cooper (6.7)

258. The Vicomte of Bragelonne: Ten Years Later (1850) by Alexandre Dumas (6.7)

259. Michael Strogoff (1876) by (6.7)

259. Sketches by Boz (1836) by Charles Dickens (6.7)

260. Pan Tadeusz (1834) by Adam Mickiewicz (6.7)

261. Family Happiness (1859) by Leo Tolstoy (6.7)


262. The Second Jungle Book (1895) by Rudyard Kipling (6.7)

263. Sartor Resartus (1834) by Thomas Carlyle (6.7)

264. The Bostonians (1886) by Henry James (6.7)

265. The Bronze Horseman (1837) by Aleksandr Pushkin (6.7)

266. Cousin Bette (1847) by Honore de Balzac (6.7)

267. Elective Affinities (1809) by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (6.7)

268. The River War (1899) by Winston Churchill (6.7)

269. The Gadfly (1897) by Ethel Lilian Voynich (6.7)

270. Around the Moon (1870) by Jules Verne (6.7)

271. History of Henry Esmond (1852) by William Makepeace Thackeray (6.6)

272. The Confidence-Man (1857) by Herman Melville (6.6)

273. Human, All Too Human (1878) by Friedrich Nietzsche (6.6)

274. Umrao Jaan Ada (1899) by Mirza Hadi Ruswa (6.6)

275. Anandamath (1882) by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (6.6)

276. Paul Clifford (1830) by Edward Bulwer-Lytton (6.6)

277. The Woodlanders (1887) by Thomas Hardy (6.6)

278. Omoo (1847) by Herman Melville (6.6)

279. Agnes Grey (1847) by Anne Bronte (6.6)

280. The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844 (1887) by Friedrich Engels (6.6)

281. Fertilisation of Orchids (1862) by Charles Darwin (6.6)

282. Emperor’s New Clothes (1837) by Hans Christian Andersen (6.5)

283. L’Assommoir (1877) by Emile Zola (6.5)

284. The Man Who Laughs (1869) by Victor Hugo (6.5)

285. Hadji Murat(1896) by Leo Tolstoy (6.3)


286. The Phenomenology of Spirit (1807) by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (6.3)


287. The Debacle (1892) by Emile Zola (6.3)

288. Steadfast Tin Soldier (1838) by Hans Christian Andersen (6.3)

289. The Betrothed (1827) by Alessandro Manzoni (6.3)

290. Twice-Told Tales (1837) by Nathaniel Hawthorne (6.2)

291. Effi Briest (1896) by Theodore Fontane (6.1)

292. Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical (1858) by Henry Gray (6.1)

Source: http://5000best.com/books/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/19th_century

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