100 Books That Shaped World History

Books are ranked from oldest to newest. The list comes from the book 100 Books That Shaped World History


  • Epic of Gilgamesh (C. 2700–1500 B.C.)
  • The Egyptian Book of the Dead (C. 2400–1420 B.C.)
  • Iliad (C. 800 B.C.)
  • Aesop’s Fables (C. 600–560 B.C.)
  • Hippocratic Corpus (C. 5th Century B.C.)
  • The History of Herodotus (C. 440 B.C.)
  • The Analects of Confucius (429 B.C.)
  • Republic (C. 378 B.C.)
  • Nicomachean Ethics (C. 330 B.C.)
  • On the Republic (51 B.C.)
  • Koran (C. A.D. 652)
  • The Tale of Genji (C. 1010)
  • The Travels of Marco Polo (C. 1300)
  • The Divine Comedy (C. 1320)
  • Gutenberg Bible (1455)
  • The Prince (1513)
  • Utopia (1516)
  • Ninety-Five Theses (1517)
  • The Fabric of the Human Body (1543)
  • On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres (1543)
  • Romeo and Juliet (1594)
  • Don Quixote De La Mancha (1605)
  • Treatise on Painting (1651)
  • The Pilgrim’s Progress (1678; 1684)
  • Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1689)
  • Two Treatises of Government (1690)
  • Robinson Crusoe (1719)
  • Poor Richard’s Almanack (1732–1757)
  • The Social Contract (1762)
  • Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)
  • Common Sense (1776)
  • The Federalist Papers (1787–1788)
  • A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792)
  • Cartagena Manifesto (1812)
  • Pride and Prejudice (1813)
  • The Last of the Mohicans (1826)
  • Nature (1836)
  • A Christmas Carol (1843)
  • Tales (1845)
  • Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845)
  • Wuthering Heights (1847)
  • Civil Disobedience (1849)
  • David Copperfield (1849–1850)
  • The Scarlet Letter (1850)
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1851–1852)
  • Moby Dick (1851)
  • On the Origin of Species (1859)
  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland (1865)
  • Das Kapital (1867)
  • Little Women (1868)
  • Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870)
  • The Brothers Karamazov (1879–1880)
  • Treasure Island (1883)
  • The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884)
  • War and Peace (1886)
  • A Study in Scarlet (1887)
  • The Jewish State (1896)
  • The War of the Worlds (1898)
  • The Interpretation of Dreams (1900)
  • Up From Slavery (1901)
  • The Story of my Life (1902)
  • The Call of the Wild (1903)
  • The Jungle (1906)
  • Riders of the Purple Sage (1912)
  • O Pioneers! (1913)
  • Sons and Lovers (1913)
  • Relativity: The Special and General Theory (1916)
  • Siddhartha (1922)
  • Ulysses (1922)
  • The Great Gatsby (1925)
  • Mein Kampf (1925; 1927)
  • The Sun also Rises (1926)
  • The Oxford English Dictionary (1928)
  • All Quiet on the Western Front (1929)
  • The Sound and the Fury (1929)
  • The Maltese Falcon (1930)
  • The Good Earth (1931)
  • Brave New World (1932)
  • Story of Civilization (1935–1975)
  • Gone with the Wind (1936)
  • The Grapes of Wrath (1939)
  • Native Son (1940)
  • The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care (1946)
  • Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl (1947)
  • Cry, The Beloved Country (1948)
  • The Second World War (1948–1954)
  • The Catcher in the Rye (1951)
  • Lord of the Flies (1954)
  • To Kill a Mockingbird (1960)
  • Catch-22 (1961)
  • Silent Spring (1962)
  • The Feminine Mystique (1963)
  • Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964)
  • Unsafe at any Speed (1965)
  • Quotations of Chairman Mao (1966)
  • One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967)
  • Bury my Heart at Wounded Knee (1971)
  • The Gulag Archipelago (1973–1975)
  • Beloved (1987)
  • A Brief History of Time, Updated and Expanded (1998)