Top 100 Philosophers

 

  1. Aristotle

    Aristotle was born in Stageira, Greece in -384 BC. He is featured in 152 different Wikipedia language and has received 56M views (28% in english version)

    ‘Aristotle'

  2. Plato

    Plato was born in Athens, Greece in -427 BC. He is featured in 142 different Wikipedia language and has received 47M views (29% in english version)

    ‘Plato'

  3. Socrates

    Socrates was born in Athens, Greece in -469 BC. He is featured in 137 different Wikipedia language and has received 40M views (29% in english version)

    ‘Socrates'

  4. Confucius

    Confucius was born in Qufu, China in -551 BC. He is featured in 192 different Wikipedia language and has received 22M views (36% in english version)

    ‘Confucius'

  5. Pythagoras

    Pythagoras was born in Samos Island, Greece in -570 BC. He is featured in 114 different Wikipedia language and has received 26M views (27% in english version)

    ‘Pythagoras'

  6. Gautama Buddha

    Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal in -563 BC. He is featured in 124 different Wikipedia language and has received 24M views (52% in english version)

    ‘Gautama

  7. Augustine of Hippo

    Augustine of Hippo was born in Souk Ahras, Algeria in AD 354. He is featured in 105 different Wikipedia language and has received 17M views (33% in english version)

    ‘Augustine

  8. Thales

    Thales was born in Miletus, Turkey in -635 BC. He is featured in 84 different Wikipedia language and has received 14M views (15% in english version)

    ‘Thales'

  9. Immanuel Kant

    Immanuel Kant was born in Kaliningrad, Russia in AD 1724. He is featured in 125 different Wikipedia language and has received 29M views (28% in english version)

    ‘Immanuel

  10. Epicurus

    Epicurus was born in Samos Island, Greece in -341 BC. He is featured in 68 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (27% in english version)

    ‘Epicurus'

  11. René Descartes

    René Descartes was born in Descartes, France in AD 1596. He is featured in 120 different Wikipedia language and has received 26M views (28% in english version)

    ‘René

  12. Thomas Aquinas

    Thomas Aquinas was born in Roccasecca, Italy in AD 1225. He is featured in 103 different Wikipedia language and has received 17M views (33% in english version)

    ‘Thomas

  13. Niccolò Machiavelli

    Niccolò Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy in AD 1469. He is featured in 106 different Wikipedia language and has received 22M views (35% in english version)

    ‘Niccolò

  14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva, Switzerland in AD 1712. He is featured in 106 different Wikipedia language and has received 26M views (26% in english version)

    ‘Jean-Jacques

  15. Laozi

    Laozi was born in Henan, China in -400 BC. He is featured in 105 different Wikipedia language and has received 7M views (38% in english version)

    ‘Laozi'

  16. Heraclitus

    Heraclitus was born in Ephesus, Turkey in -535 BC. He is featured in 72 different Wikipedia language and has received 8M views (23% in english version)

    ‘Heraclitus'

  17. Avicenna

    Avicenna was born in Bukhara, Uzbekistan in AD 980. He is featured in 102 different Wikipedia language and has received 10M views (24% in english version)

    ‘Avicenna'

  18. Seneca the Younger

    Seneca the Younger was born in Córdoba, Spain in -4 BC. He is featured in 62 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (26% in english version)

    ‘Seneca

  19. Sun Tzu

    Sun Tzu was born in Qi, China in -544 BC. He is featured in 81 different Wikipedia language and has received 7M views (50% in english version)

    ‘Sun

  20. John Locke

    John Locke was born in Wrington, United Kingdom in AD 1632. He is featured in 99 different Wikipedia language and has received 23M views (45% in english version)

    ‘John

  21. Democritus

    Democritus was born in Abdera, Greece in -460 BC. He is featured in 72 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (29% in english version)

    ‘Democritus'

  22. Plutarch

    Plutarch was born in Chaeronea, Greece in AD 45. He is featured in 72 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (37% in english version)

    ‘Plutarch'

  23. Friedrich Nietzsche

    Friedrich Nietzsche was born in Röcken, Germany in AD 1844. He is featured in 117 different Wikipedia language and has received 39M views (33% in english version)

    ‘Friedrich

  24. Diogenes of Sinope

    Diogenes of Sinope was born in Sinop, Turkey in -412 BC. He is featured in 62 different Wikipedia language and has received 6M views (33% in english version)

    ‘Diogenes

  25. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was born in Stuttgart, Germany in AD 1770. He is featured in 95 different Wikipedia language and has received 11M views (26% in english version)

    ‘Georg

  26. Thomas Hobbes

    Thomas Hobbes was born in Malmesbury, United Kingdom in AD 1588. He is featured in 79 different Wikipedia language and has received 13M views (40% in english version)

    ‘Thomas

  27. Thomas More

    Thomas More was born in London, United Kingdom in AD 1478. He is featured in 69 different Wikipedia language and has received 12M views (45% in english version)

    ‘Thomas

  28. Anaximander

    Anaximander was born in Miletus, Turkey in -610 BC. He is featured in 70 different Wikipedia language and has received 4M views (18% in english version)

    ‘Anaximander'

  29. Desiderius Erasmus

    Desiderius Erasmus was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands in AD 1466. He is featured in 69 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (24% in english version)

    ‘Desiderius

  30. Parmenides

    Parmenides was born in Velia, Italy in -510 BC. He is featured in 58 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (21% in english version)

    ‘Parmenides'

  31. Baruch Spinoza

    Baruch Spinoza was born in Amsterdam, Netherlands in AD 1632. He is featured in 84 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (34% in english version)

    ‘Baruch

  32. Francis of Assisi

    Francis of Assisi was born in Assisi, Italy in AD 1182. He is featured in 77 different Wikipedia language and has received 18M views (32% in english version)

    ‘Francis

  33. Protagoras

    Protagoras was born in Abdera, Greece in -490 BC. He is featured in 49 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (22% in english version)

    ‘Protagoras'

  34. Zeno of Elea

    Zeno of Elea was born in Velia, Italy in -490 BC. He is featured in 55 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (28% in english version)

    ‘Zeno

  35. Empedocles

    Empedocles was born in Agrigento, Italy in -490 BC. He is featured in 60 different Wikipedia language and has received 4M views (20% in english version)

    ‘Empedocles'

  36. Anaxagoras

    Anaxagoras was born in Clazomenae, Turkey in -500 BC. He is featured in 62 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (20% in english version)

    ‘Anaxagoras'

  37. Plotinus

    Plotinus was born in Lycopolis, Egypt in AD 204. He is featured in 53 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (28% in english version)

    ‘Plotinus'

  38. Averroes

    Averroes was born in Córdoba, Spain in AD 1126. He is featured in 77 different Wikipedia language and has received 4M views (26% in english version)

    ‘Averroes'

  39. David Hume

    David Hume was born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom in AD 1711. He is featured in 81 different Wikipedia language and has received 11M views (44% in english version)

    ‘David

  40. Pliny the Elder

    Pliny the Elder was born in Como, Italy in AD 23. He is featured in 61 different Wikipedia language and has received 4M views (48% in english version)

    ‘Pliny

  41. Arthur Schopenhauer

    Arthur Schopenhauer was born in Gdańsk, Poland in AD 1788. He is featured in 79 different Wikipedia language and has received 12M views (24% in english version)

    ‘Arthur

  42. Friedrich Engels

    Friedrich Engels was born in Wuppertal, Germany in AD 1820. He is featured in 91 different Wikipedia language and has received 8M views (27% in english version)

    ‘Friedrich

  43. Francis Bacon

    Francis Bacon was born in London, United Kingdom in AD 1561. He is featured in 82 different Wikipedia language and has received 11M views (50% in english version)

    ‘Francis

  44. Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Ludwig Wittgenstein was born in Vienna, Austria in AD 1889. He is featured in 83 different Wikipedia language and has received 8M views (38% in english version)

    ‘Ludwig

  45. Lucretius

    Lucretius was born in Other, Unknown in -99 BC. He is featured in 56 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (34% in english version)

    ‘Lucretius'

  46. Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu

    Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu was born in La Brède, France in AD 1689. He is featured in 68 different Wikipedia language and has received 11M views (19% in english version)

    ‘Charles

  47. Anaximenes of Miletus

    Anaximenes of Miletus was born in Miletus, Turkey in -585 BC. He is featured in 62 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (9% in english version)

    ‘Anaximenes

  48. Pierre Abélard

    Pierre Abélard was born in Le Pallet, France in AD 1079. He is featured in 60 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (31% in english version)

    ‘Pierre

  49. Gorgias

    Gorgias was born in Sicily, Italy in -483 BC. He is featured in 45 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (22% in english version)

  50. Auguste Comte

    Auguste Comte was born in Montpellier, France in AD 1798. He is featured in 65 different Wikipedia language and has received 9M views (19% in english version)

    ‘Auguste

  51. Michel Foucault

    Michel Foucault was born in Poitiers, France in AD 1926. He is featured in 69 different Wikipedia language and has received 15M views (38% in english version)

    ‘Michel

  52. Origen

    Origen was born in Egypt, Egypt in AD 182. He is featured in 49 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (48% in english version)

    ‘Origen'

  53. Xenophanes

    Xenophanes was born in Colophon, Turkey in -570 BC. He is featured in 55 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (23% in english version)

    ‘Xenophanes'

  54. Mencius

    Mencius was born in Shandong, China in -372 BC. He is featured in 44 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (36% in english version)

    ‘Mencius'

  55. Karl Popper

    Karl Popper was born in Vienna, Austria in AD 1902. He is featured in 63 different Wikipedia language and has received 8M views (30% in english version)

    ‘Karl

  56. Tertullian

    Tertullian was born in Alexandria, Egypt in AD 160. He is featured in 48 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (43% in english version)

    ‘Tertullian'

  57. Michel de Montaigne

    Michel de Montaigne was born in Château de Montaigne, France in AD 1533. He is featured in 59 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (24% in english version)

    ‘Michel

  58. Epictetus

    Epictetus was born in Hierapolis, Turkey in AD 55. He is featured in 45 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (44% in english version)

    ‘Epictetus'

  59. Isidore of Seville

    Isidore of Seville was born in Cartagena, Spain in AD 560. He is featured in 50 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (30% in english version)

    ‘Isidore

  60. Zeno of Citium

    Zeno of Citium was born in Larnaca, Cyprus in -334 BC. He is featured in 47 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (32% in english version)

    ‘Zeno

  61. Theophrastus

    Theophrastus was born in Eresos, Greece in -371 BC. He is featured in 53 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (33% in english version)

    ‘Theophrastus'

  62. Arius

    Arius was born in Libya, Libya in AD 256. He is featured in 46 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (44% in english version)

    ‘Arius'

  63. Henri Bergson

    Henri Bergson was born in Paris, France in AD 1859. He is featured in 70 different Wikipedia language and has received 4M views (24% in english version)

    ‘Henri

  64. Leucippus

    Leucippus was born in Abdera, Greece in -500 BC. He is featured in 50 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (19% in english version)

    ‘Leucippus'

  65. Rudolf Steiner

    Rudolf Steiner was born in Donji Kraljevec, Croatia in AD 1861. He is featured in 47 different Wikipedia language and has received 6M views (30% in english version)

    ‘Rudolf

  66. Roger Bacon

    Roger Bacon was born in Ilchester, United Kingdom in AD 1214. He is featured in 48 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (41% in english version)

    ‘Roger

  67. Zhuangzi

    Zhuangzi was born in Other, China in -369 BC. He is featured in 40 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (47% in english version)

    ‘Zhuangzi'

  68. Al-Farabi

    Al-Farabi was born in Otrar, Kazakhstan in AD 870. He is featured in 52 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (20% in english version)

    ‘Al-Farabi'

  69. Eusebius of Caesarea

    Eusebius of Caesarea was born in Palestine, Israel in AD 263. He is featured in 44 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (28% in english version)

    ‘Eusebius

  70. William of Ockham

    William of Ockham was born in Ockham, United Kingdom in AD 1288. He is featured in 55 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (32% in english version)

    ‘William

  71. Comenius

    Comenius was born in Moravia, Czech Republic in AD 1592. He is featured in 46 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (10% in english version)

    ‘Comenius'

  72. Antisthenes

    Antisthenes was born in Athens, Greece in -445 BC. He is featured in 44 different Wikipedia language and has received 845k views (31% in english version)

    ‘Antisthenes'

  73. Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius was born in Rome, Italy in AD 480. He is featured in 53 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (36% in english version)

    ‘Anicius

  74. Nagarjuna

    Nagarjuna was born in Other, India in AD 150. He is featured in 50 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (53% in english version)

    ‘Nagarjuna'

  75. Al-Ghazali

    Al-Ghazali was born in Tous, Iran in AD 1058. He is featured in 78 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (40% in english version)

    ‘Al-Ghazali'

  76. Philo

    Philo was born in Alexandria, Egypt in -20 BC. He is featured in 43 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (49% in english version)

    ‘Philo'

  77. Diogenes Apolloniates

    Diogenes Apolloniates was born in Sozopol, Bulgaria in -450 BC. He is featured in 33 different Wikipedia language and has received 363k views (12% in english version)

  78. Nasreddin

    Nasreddin was born in Konya, Turkey in AD 1208. He is featured in 48 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (17% in english version)

    ‘Nasreddin'

  79. Pyrrho

    Pyrrho was born in Elis, Greece in -360 BC. He is featured in 38 different Wikipedia language and has received 763k views (25% in english version)

    ‘Pyrrho'

  80. Mikhail Bakunin

    Mikhail Bakunin was born in Torzhok, Russia in AD 1814. He is featured in 71 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (32% in english version)

    ‘Mikhail

  81. Clement of Alexandria

    Clement of Alexandria was born in Athens, Greece in AD 150. He is featured in 41 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (41% in english version)

    ‘Clement

  82. Edmund Husserl

    Edmund Husserl was born in Prostějov, Czech Republic in AD 1859. He is featured in 50 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (27% in english version)

    ‘Edmund

  83. Søren Kierkegaard

    Søren Kierkegaard was born in Copenhagen, Denmark in AD 1813. He is featured in 87 different Wikipedia language and has received 10M views (40% in english version)

    ‘Søren

  84. Jürgen Habermas

    Jürgen Habermas was born in Düsseldorf, Germany in AD 1929. He is featured in 55 different Wikipedia language and has received 6M views (29% in english version)

    ‘Jürgen

  85. George Berkeley

    George Berkeley was born in Kilkenny, Ireland in AD 1685. He is featured in 61 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (42% in english version)

    ‘George

  86. Johann Gottlieb Fichte

    Johann Gottlieb Fichte was born in Rammenau, Germany in AD 1762. He is featured in 52 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (20% in english version)

    ‘Johann

  87. Padmasambhava

    Padmasambhava was born in Swat District, Pakistan in AD 700. He is featured in 36 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (53% in english version)

    ‘Padmasambhava'

  88. Aristippus

    Aristippus was born in Cyrene, Libya in -435 BC. He is featured in 37 different Wikipedia language and has received 546k views (21% in english version)

    ‘Aristippus'

  89. Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach

    Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach was born in Landshut, Germany in AD 1804. He is featured in 49 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (14% in english version)

    ‘Ludwig

  90. Walter Benjamin

    Walter Benjamin was born in Berlin, Germany in AD 1892. He is featured in 49 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (34% in english version)

    ‘Walter

  91. Herbert Spencer

    Herbert Spencer was born in Derby, United Kingdom in AD 1820. He is featured in 51 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (42% in english version)

    ‘Herbert

  92. Zhu Xi

    Zhu Xi was born in Youxi County, China in AD 1130. He is featured in 71 different Wikipedia language and has received 825k views (32% in english version)

    ‘Zhu

  93. Mozi

    Mozi was born in Tenzhou, China in -470 BC. He is featured in 33 different Wikipedia language and has received 1M views (40% in english version)

    ‘Mozi'

  94. Posidonius

    Posidonius was born in Apamea, Syria in -135 BC. He is featured in 42 different Wikipedia language and has received 512k views (35% in english version)

    ‘Posidonius'

  95. John of Damascus

    John of Damascus was born in Damascus, Syria in AD 676. He is featured in 45 different Wikipedia language and has received 964k views (36% in english version)

    ‘John

  96. Antonio Gramsci

    Antonio Gramsci was born in Newport, Italy in AD 1891. He is featured in 62 different Wikipedia language and has received 5M views (30% in english version)

    ‘Antonio

  97. Athanasius of Alexandria

    Athanasius of Alexandria was born in Alexandria, Egypt in AD 296. He is featured in 48 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (48% in english version)

    ‘Athanasius

  98. Karl Jaspers

    Karl Jaspers was born in Oldenburg, Germany in AD 1883. He is featured in 52 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (21% in english version)

    ‘Karl

  99. Wilhelm von Humboldt

    Wilhelm von Humboldt was born in Potsdam, Germany in AD 1767. He is featured in 52 different Wikipedia language and has received 2M views (19% in english version)

    ‘Wilhelm

  100. Carl von Clausewitz

    Carl von Clausewitz was born in Burg bei Magdeburg, Germany in AD 1780. He is featured in 47 different Wikipedia language and has received 3M views (39% in english version)

    ‘Carl

source:Yu, A. Z., et al. (2016). Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies. Scientific Data 2:150075. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2015.75

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