The Top Writer in History

Ranked by Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

HPI — Name (Country of birth, Year)
31.109 — Homer (Turkey, -800)
30.440 — William Shakespeare (United Kingdom, 1564)
30.150 — Dante Alighieri (Italy, 1265)
29.881 — Virgil (Italy, -70)
29.742 — Sophocles (Greece, -496)
29.725 — Zoroaster (Afghanistan, -600)
29.499 — Aesop (Unknown, -620)
29.339 — Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (Germany, 1749)
29.273 — Voltaire (France, 1694)
29.272 — Ovid (Italy, -43)
29.123 — Sappho (Greece, -625)
29.100 — Aeschylus (Greece, -525)
29.000 — Horace (Italy, -65)
28.839 — Euripides (Greece, -480)
28.721 — Aristophanes (Greece, -446)
28.660 — Victor Hugo (France, 1802)
28.563 — Molière (France, 1622)
28.545 — Hesiod (Greece, -800)
28.529 — Oscar Wilde (Ireland, 1854)
28.282 — Nostradamus (France, 1503)
28.266 — Petrarch (Italy, 1304)
28.253 — Giovanni Boccaccio (Italy, 1313)
28.249 — Fyodor Dostoyevsky (Russia, 1821)
28.213 — Leo Tolstoy (Russia, 1828)
28.153 — Jean-Paul Sartre (France, 1905)
28.130 — Aleksandr Pushkin (Russia, 1799)
28.084 — Edgar Allan Poe (United States, 1809)
28.072 — Honoré de Balzac (France, 1799)
28.066 — Li Bai (China, 701)
27.955 — Anton Chekhov (Russia, 1860)
27.906 — Du Fu (China, 712)
27.852 — Miguel de Cervantes (Spain, 1547)
27.845 — Marcel Proust (France, 1871)
27.765 — Hermann Hesse (Germany, 1877)
27.706 — Pindar (Greece, -522)
27.660 — George Orwell (India, 1903)
27.652 — Thomas Mann (Germany, 1875)
27.651 — Diogenes Laertius (Unknown, -3500)
27.633 — Donatien Alphonse François de Sade, Marquis de Sade (France, 1740)
27.617 — James Joyce (Ireland, 1882)
27.610 — Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller (Germany, 1759)
27.608 — Mark Twain (United States, 1835)
27.586 — Bertolt Brecht (Germany, 1898)
27.573 — Ernest Hemingway (United States, 1899)
27.559 — Charles Baudelaire (France, 1821)
27.554 — Hans Christian Andersen (Denmark, 1805)
27.519 — Cato the Elder (Italy, -234)
27.494 — Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia, 1927)
27.493 — Catullus (Italy, -84)
27.492 — Plautus (Italy, -254)
27.474 — Daniel Defoe (United Kingdom, 1660)
27.440 — Basho (Japan, 1644)
27.424 — Émile Zola (France, 1840)
27.415 — Denis Diderot (France, 1713)
27.407 — Giacomo Casanova (Italy, 1725)
27.388 — Henrik Ibsen (Norway, 1828)
27.364 — Arthur Rimbaud (France, 1854)
27.313 — William Blake (United Kingdom, 1757)
27.249 — Stephen King (United States, 1947)
27.249 — Stendhal (France, 1783)
27.228 — Pablo Neruda (Chile, 1904)
27.227 — Isaac Asimov (Russia, 1920)
27.221 — Franz Kafka (Czech Republic, 1883)
27.189 — Arthur Conan Doyle (United Kingdom, 1859)
27.171 — Nikolai Gogol (Ukraine, 1809)
27.143 — Pliny the Younger (Italy, 61)
27.143 — Jean de La Fontaine (France, 1621)
27.115 — George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron (United Kingdom, 1788)
27.103 — Anne Frank (Germany, 1929)
27.090 — Agatha Christie (United Kingdom, 1890)
27.079 — Simone de Beauvoir (France, 1908)
26.969 — Umberto Eco (Italy, 1932)
26.962 — Samuel Beckett (Ireland, 1906)
26.941 — George Bernard Shaw (Ireland, 1856)
26.940 — Jack London (United States, 1876)
26.923 — Jonathan Swift (Ireland, 1667)
26.910 — Terence (Tunisia, -195)
26.904 — Jane Austen (United Kingdom, 1775)
26.902 — J. R. R. Tolkien (South Africa, 1892)
26.872 — Charles Dickens (United Kingdom, 1812)
26.864 — Charles Perrault (France, 1628)
26.863 — Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi (Tajikistan, 1207)
26.855 — Apuleius (Algeria, 120)
26.843 — Heinrich Heine (Germany, 1797)
26.834 — Astrid Lindgren (Sweden, 1907)
26.793 — Jules Verne (France, 1828)
26.783 — Petronius (France, 27)
26.758 — Lewis Carroll (United Kingdom, 1832)
26.739 — Menander (Greece, -342)
26.724 — Maxim Gorky (Russia, 1868)
26.722 — Virginia Woolf (United Kingdom, 1882)
26.720 — Quintilian (Spain, 35)
26.716 — François Rabelais (France, 1483)
26.713 — George Sand (France, 1804)
26.707 — Juvenal (Italy, 100)
26.685 — Albert Camus (Algeria, 1913)
26.680 — Federico García Lorca (Spain, 1898)
26.678 — Miyamoto Musashi (Japan, 1584)
26.672 — Snorri Sturluson (Iceland, 1179)
26.669 — Rudyard Kipling (India, 1865)
26.669 — Geoffrey Chaucer (United Kingdom, 1343)
26.618 — Milan Kundera (Czech Republic, 1929)
26.568 — Rainer Maria Rilke (Czech Republic, 1875)
26.558 — Anacreon (Turkey, -570)
26.554 — François Villon (France, 1431)
26.552 — Murasaki Shikibu (Japan, 973)
26.529 — André Gide (France, 1869)
26.516 — Paul Verlaine (France, 1844)
26.504 — Gustave Flaubert (France, 1821)
26.477 — Knut Hamsun (Norway, 1859)
26.445 — John Milton (United Kingdom, 1608)
26.427 — Walter Scott (United Kingdom, 1771)
26.413 — William Faulkner (United States, 1897)
26.399 — Ammianus Marcellinus (Turkey, 320)
26.385 — H. P. Lovecraft (United States, 1890)
26.381 — John the Evangelist (Israel, 15)
26.377 — Abu Nuwas (Iran, 756)
26.373 — Octave Mirbeau (France, 1848)
26.353 — Jean Racine (France, 1639)
26.345 — Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (France, 1900)
26.342 — Ivan Turgenev (Russia, 1818)
26.341 — Charles Bukowski (Germany, 1920)
26.334 — Guy de Maupassant (France, 1850)
26.330 — Erich Maria Remarque (Germany, 1898)
26.312 — Anatole France (France, 1844)
26.281 — Emily Brontë (United Kingdom, 1818)
26.267 — Joseph Conrad (Ukraine, 1857)
26.238 — Jean Cocteau (France, 1889)
26.238 — Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov (Russia, 1899)
26.227 — Stefan Zweig (Austria, 1881)
26.225 — Maurice Maeterlinck (Belgium, 1862)
26.219 — Martial (Spain, 40)
26.210 — Guillaume Apollinaire (Italy, 1880)
26.206 — Lucian (Turkey, 125)
26.193 — Paulo Coelho (Brazil, 1947)
26.183 — Leonard Cohen (Canada, 1934)
26.178 — John Steinbeck (United States, 1902)
26.178 — Ferdowsi (Iran, 940)
26.145 — Giorgio Vasari (Italy, 1511)
26.143 — Heinrich Böll (Germany, 1917)
26.137 — Novalis (Germany, 1772)
26.134 — Romain Rolland (France, 1866)
26.121 — Marcus Terentius Varro (Italy, -116)
26.106 — Archilochus (Greece, -680)
26.083 — Frederick II of Prussia (Germany, 1712)
26.072 — Nicholas Flamel (France, 1330)
26.058 — Apollonius of Rhodes (Egypt, -270)
26.056 — Elias Canetti (Bulgaria, 1905)
26.031 — Yukio Mishima (Japan, 1925)
26.031 — Theocritus (Italy, -270)
26.017 — Mikhail Lermontov (Russia, 1814)
26.002 — Torquato Tasso (Italy, 1544)
25.999 — Pierre Corneille (France, 1606)
25.997 — Aldous Huxley (United Kingdom, 1894)
25.986 — Constantine VII (Turkey, 905)
25.985 — Callimachus (Libya, -310)
25.983 — Alcaeus (Greece, -620)
25.969 — André Breton (France, 1896)
25.960 — August Strindberg (Sweden, 1849)
25.957 — Walt Whitman (United States, 1819)
25.951 — Sully Prudhomme (France, 1839)
25.948 — Yasunari Kawabata (Japan, 1899)
25.943 — E.T.A. Hoffmann (Russia, 1776)
25.940 — Frédéric Mistral (France, 1830)
25.921 — Truman Capote (United States, 1924)
25.889 — Boris Pasternak (Russia, 1890)
25.882 — Hafez (Iran, 1315)
25.878 — Marcus Annaeus Lucanus (Spain, 39)
25.833 — Henry David Thoreau (United States, 1817)
25.818 — Friedrich Hölderlin (Germany, 1770)
25.811 — T. S. Eliot (United States, 1888)
25.799 — Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (Germany, 1729)
25.791 — Khalil Gibran (Lebanon, 1883)
25.779 — Ludovico Ariosto (Italy, 1474)
25.777 — Lu Xun (China, 1881)
25.762 — Simonides of Ceos (Unknown, -556)
25.761 — Appian (Egypt, 95)
25.755 — François-René de Chateaubriand (France, 1768)
25.749 — Livius Andronicus (Italy, -283)
25.745 — Stéphane Mallarmé (France, 1842)
25.736 — Eugène Ionesco (Romania, 1909)
25.723 — Sextus Propertius (Italy, -50)
25.720 — Michail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov (Russia, 1905)
25.718 — Vladimir Mayakovsky (Georgia, 1893)
25.717 — Ennius (Italy, -239)
25.711 — Mikhail Bulgakov (Ukraine, 1891)
25.709 — Alexandre Dumas (France, 1802)
25.707 — Carlo Goldoni (Italy, 1707)
25.693 — Ralph Waldo Emerson (United States, 1803)
25.691 — Christopher Marlowe (United Kingdom, 1564)
25.670 — Lactantius (Egypt, 240)
25.670 — Isaac Bashevis Singer (Poland, 1902)
25.669 — Lope de Vega (Spain, 1562)
25.667 — Rabindranath Tagore (India, 1861)
25.664 — Charlotte Brontë (United Kingdom, 1816)
25.660 — Theodor Herzl (Hungary, 1860)
25.659 — Gregory of Tours (France, 538)
25.653 — Fernando Pessoa (Portugal, 1888)
25.651 — Roald Dahl (United Kingdom, 1916)
25.647 — Georges Simenon (Belgium, 1903)
25.631 — Ivan Bunin (Russia, 1870)
25.604 — Adam Mickiewicz (Belarus, 1798)
25.589 — Tibullus (Unknown, -54)

Source: Yu, A. Z., et al. (2016). Pantheon 1.0, a manually verified dataset of globally famous biographies. Scientific Data 2:150075. doi: 10.1038/sdata.2015.75

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